Bringing RNA into genomics

ENCODE consortium identifies RNA sequences that are involved in regulating gene expression.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
July 29, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: genetics biology rna research school-of-science

HIV genome bends over backwards to help virus take over cells

Differently shaped RNA molecules allow HIV to express different genes from the same RNA sequence.

Eva Frederick | Whitehead Institute • mit
May 11, 2020 ~9 min

Tags: medicine genetics hivaids biology rna disease viruses research computer-science-and-technology algorithms whitehead-institute

Historic migration patterns are written in Americans' DNA

Genetic, geographic, and demographic data from more than 30,000 Americans reveal more genetic diversity within ancestry groups than previously thought.

Tom Ulrich | Broad Institute • mit
March 5, 2020 ~4 min

Tags: dna genetics broad-institute research school-of-architecture-and-planning school-of-engineering urban-studies-and-planning electrical-engineering-computer-science-eecs

Putting a finger on the switch of chronic parasite infection

Researchers find master regulator needed for Toxoplasma gondii parasite to chronically infect host; promising step toward infection treatment, prevention.

Greta Friar | Whitehead Institute • mit
Jan. 21, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: chemistry medicine genetics crispr biology disease research school-of-science whitehead-institute parasites

Study probing visual memory and amblyopia unveils many-layered mystery

Scientists pinpoint the role of a receptor in vision degradation in amblyopia.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute • mit
Dec. 17, 2019 ~6 min

Tags: genetics neuroscience memory vision research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

A new way to regulate gene expression

Biologists uncover an evolutionary trick to control gene expression that reverses the flow of genetic information from RNA splicing back to transcription.

Raleigh McElvery | Department of Biology • mit
Dec. 9, 2019 ~6 min

Tags: dna evolution health genetics biology data disease research school-of-science national-institutes-of-health-nih

How biomarkers can record and reconstruct climate trends

Scientists reveal the genes and proteins controlling the chemical structure of a paleoclimate biomarker.

Fatima Husain | EAPS • mit
Dec. 4, 2019 ~5 min

Tags: dna evolution genetics geology climate-change climate bacteria biology microbes research school-of-science national-science-foundation-nsf eaps department-of-energy-doe ocean-science earth-and-atmospheric-sciences

Investigating the rise of oxygenic photosynthesis

EAPS scientists find an alternative explanation for mineral evidence thought to signal the presence of oxygen prior to the Great Oxidation Event.

Kate Petersen | EAPS • mit
Dec. 4, 2019 ~5 min

Tags: evolution genetics geology environment climate bacteria biology microbes research school-of-science eaps

Continuing a legacy of Antarctic exploration

The Summons Lab compares lipids from Antarctic microbial communities to century-old samples.

Fatima Husain | EAPS • mit
Nov. 22, 2019 ~7 min

Tags: evolution genetics geology climate-change environment climate bacteria biology ecology animals microbes research school-of-science eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences

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