Neuroscientists identify brain circuit that encodes timing of events

Findings suggest this hippocampal circuit helps us to maintain our timeline of memories.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Jan. 11, 2021 ~6 min

neuroscience memory research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

Neuroscientists discover a molecular mechanism that allows memories to form

Modifications to chromosomes in “engram” neurons control the encoding and retrieval of memories.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
Oct. 5, 2020 ~7 min

dna genetics neuroscience memory research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

As information flows through brain’s heirarchy, higher regions use higher-frequency waves

Study also finds specific frequency bands of brain waves associated with encoding, or inhibiting encoding, of sensory information across the cortex.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
Sept. 10, 2020 ~6 min

neuroscience memory research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

Study suggests animals think probabilistically to distinguish contexts

New statistical model may help scientists understand how animals infer whether surroundings are novel or haven’t changed enough to be a new context.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
Aug. 12, 2020 ~6 min

biology memory research behavior school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences center-for-brains-minds-and-machines picower-institute

A new way to control experimentation with dreams

Device not only helps record dream reports, but also guides dreams toward particular themes.

Sarah Beckmann | MIT Media Lab • mit
July 21, 2020 ~7 min

neuroscience memory sleep research media-lab school-of-architecture-and-planning brain-and-cognitive-sciences undergraduate-research-opportunities-program-urop

Like a treasure map, brain region emphasizes reward location

The lateral septum encodes spatial information with a special emphasis on where the reward lies.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute for Learning and Memory • mit
June 23, 2020 ~4 min

neuroscience biology memory learning research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

Neuroscientists find memory cells that help us interpret new situations

Neurons that store abstract representations of past experiences are activated when a new, similar event takes place.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
April 6, 2020 ~7 min

neuroscience memory research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

How dopamine drives brain activity

A specialized MRI sensor reveals the neurotransmitter’s influence on neural activity throughout the brain.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office • mit
April 1, 2020 ~6 min

neuroscience memory magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri learning research school-of-engineering school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences national-institutes-of-health-nih mcgovern-institute

With these neurons, extinguishing fear is its own reward

The same neurons responsible for encoding reward also form new memories to suppress fearful ones.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute • mit
Jan. 21, 2020 ~7 min

neuroscience mental-health anxiety biology memory learning research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

Study probing visual memory and amblyopia unveils many-layered mystery

Scientists pinpoint the role of a receptor in vision degradation in amblyopia.

David Orenstein | Picower Institute • mit
Dec. 17, 2019 ~6 min

genetics neuroscience memory vision research school-of-science brain-and-cognitive-sciences picower-institute

/

6